The news of the hospital shooting at Lankenau Hospital in New Delhi on Saturday night is just the latest reminder that hospitals are not safe places to be, even in the best of times.
The deadly attack in the city, which killed at least 18 people, has highlighted how hospitals, particularly those in the densely populated city of over 4.3 million people, are vulnerable to attack and attacks.
As a result, there is a need for hospitals to be equipped with more advanced security equipment to deal with potential attacks and other issues.
While most of the hospitals in India are built on public infrastructure and are not designed for attacks, some of them have been in the news for attacks.
A spate of attacks in Mumbai in 2010, when over 70 people died, led to the closure of two hospitals in the capital.
In 2016, a man was killed at the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai after he fired a gun at security guards and took out his gun.
The same year, a police officer was killed and three others injured when they tried to stop a man from shooting at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) campus in Ahmedabad.
In March this year, in a separate attack, a gunman killed eight people at the Radhakrishnan Hospital in the southern city of Chennai.
The city has also seen several recent attacks against health facilities.
In December, the city suffered a major power blackout, with hundreds of hospitals shut down.
The incident has led to calls for improved security at hospitals.
In May, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced a national strategy for hospital security, which included strengthening security and strengthening staff training.
India’s hospitals have come under increasing pressure in recent years to improve their security.
A series of attacks on health facilities in recent months have resulted in several deaths, including the April 2016 suicide of a man who tried to take out a bomb at the National Institute of Medical Sciences in Hyderabad.
A group of five people, including two students, had gone to the hospital in Hyderabadi on the same day to take revenge for the killing of a woman at a hospital in Chennai.
In June, the Centre for Science and Technology in India (CSTI) launched an initiative called “Save Our Hospitals” to educate healthcare personnel and staff about security threats.
In addition, a series of incidents of armed attackers at hospitals and other public places have taken place over the past few years.
In October, a suicide attack on a bus in Kolkata killed six people and wounded more than 50 others.
In November, a group of two assailants on a moving train in Mumbai killed at last two persons, including a doctor, and injured another 29 people.
Earlier this year in May, a terrorist attack at the Sri Narayana Mahila University hospital in Bengaluru killed six patients and injured three others.
Earlier in June, a gang of four gunmen attacked the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) office in Mumbai, killing two officers and injuring four others.
A week earlier, a lone gunman killed six policemen in Mumbai and wounded seven others.
In July, two gunmen attacked an office of the National Commission for Women in Mumbai.
The gunmen, armed with pistols and grenades, shot dead six people, and wounded five others, before being killed by the police.
The next day, a mob attacked the NCPB offices in Delhi.
In the weeks following the attack, the police arrested a few men who allegedly plotted the attack.
Police officials said that some of the attackers may have been inspired by the attack in Kerala, where a mob of more than 500 people attacked a women’s shelter run by the Centre For Women’s Development Foundation, killing at least eight people.
In August, the Supreme Court ordered the Central Bureau of Investigation to conduct a probe into the attack on the women’s centre.
More recently, a string of attacks have taken the lives of five security guards in Bangalore and the capital, Mumbai.
Earlier, a single gunman attacked a security guard at a health centre in Bangalore in August.
Earlier on Monday, a pair of men who had allegedly carried out the attacks on the police in Mumbai earlier in the month were killed by security forces.
In recent months, security officials have said that attacks on hospitals have become a common occurrence in India, with a number of attacks occurring in the past year.
In January, a 19-year-old gunman opened fire at the Mahaadharan Institute of Health in Newark, killing five people.
Another gunman was also shot dead by police on the premises of the institute.
In September, a 16-year old gunman killed five people at an education institute in Hyderapuram, India’s second largest city.
The attack came as a response to the attack by a group known as the Hyderabad Malegaon-Mangalore Bandh in July, in which six people were killed.